Why architects must explore computational Design in 2021?

Have you ever found asking yourself why architects must explore Computational Design? While application of computers during the designing process has been a fairly explored topic, in India Computational Design is still considered as an emerging tool for designing. In the field of architecture, people often find themselves asking this question – “Why do we need Parametric Design in architecture and how will Computational Design change the way we work?”

There are many benefits of computational design, but before directly jumping to understand what they are, one must first understand why we need computational design in Architecture.

1. Evolution of Technology


There has been a drastic change in the way we function in all perspective of their life. The most prominent example that we all can relate to is in the domain of communication. It started with writing posts and using typewriters which was followed by televisions and radios. Now majority of people rely on cell phones, which in itself has many different channels to learn information. This prominent evolutionary change in the way humans live, communicate, and function at day-to-day activities is driven by a primary force of evolution of technology in the last three decades. This evolution of technology also demands a change and an evolution in the way we design and practice architecture.


But, is it the same in perspective of design in India?


2. Technology Evolution Lifecycle


Before answering that question, let’s introduce the concept of Technology Adoption lifecycle. The diagram below showcases the rate at which people adopt a particular technology and its co-related market condition. In this lifecycle, we start from the Innovators who are the tech-enthusiasts who bring out new concepts. Followed by Early Adopters, who act as visionaries and help build a concept into reality. Following them we have Early & Late Majority,which comprises the majority of the traffic who act as conservatives and wait for technology to be tested; and finally, we have the Laggards who, due to their skepticism, never really explore what the technology has to offer.


3. Design Perspective In India


In the perspective of design, the timeline of technological evolution of design thinking and architectural practice in India has been different than the global use of technology in design thinking and architecture. While the global leaders in the computational era are developing and using computation techniques for designing, visualizing, and fabrication, most of the architects in India are still in the phase of 2D drafting era, where they use computers for drafting but not for designing.


4. Design Workflow of Architects


Also, there has been a long continuing general problem with the design process of majority of architects. This design process involves a subjective translation of an objective data input to give a form of the building. This subjective translation to generate a design is the major problem which can be only be fixed through a digital framework or system of parametric model which has the capability of an objective translation of an objective data input to generate the most suitable design.




5. Limited exposure to computational tools


Also, the major constraints in architectural practice are due to two other primary forces. One is the force of prevailing knowledge, customs and methodologies of designing and practicing architecture. The other is the force of lack of exposure of the sophisticated tools to people. In context current scenario both the problems are being faced. There is an unconscious massive pull of the existing methodologies and customs practiced in architecture today due to which there is a very slow change in the working conditions and methodologies of architectural practice and inability to keep up with the advanced technologies used in designing. Lack of exposure and knowledge also leads to misinterpretation of concepts of Parametricism, and instead is being questioned upon as a style that can replace human design thinking method. A review of Parametric Design thinking is needed to explore the uniqueness of parametric design methods, techniques, media, and tools within the field of design studies in order to understand the impact of parametric design on the emergence of new ways of thinking in design.

All of these factors like evolution of technology, low rate of technology adoption cycle, a long continuing problem in the workflow and a limited exposure to the sophisticated tools to the people forms the basis of need of computational design in architecture and match the technological advancements in the world. These are the 5 main reasons why we need computational design in architecture.


If you want to learn more about computational design and parametric design in architecture, and want to be a visionary in the field of design, we have a complete online course PARAMETRICISM 4.0, for architecture and design students, and young professionals, covering all aspect of Computational Design and Parametric Design in architecture; starting from very basics understanding, to using sophisticated tools like Grasshopper and Rhino3D.

The course starts from the very basics of Grasshopper tutorials that develops into a detailed learning on different methodology of creating Parametric Facade Designs; followed by Form Finding and Digital Simulation techniques; and ends with Environmental Analysis and creation of sustainable design by performing different types of energy, radiation, and daylight simulation using Ladybug and Honeybee.


Visit our website https://www.epochindia.in/education to learn more, and register for the workshop!


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